Keoladeo National Park
|Nearest Access :
|Main Wildlife Found :
||Sambar, Chital, Nilgai, Boar, Migratory Birds
|Coverage Area :
| About Keoladeo National Park:
One of the significant travel attractions in India, Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary possesses finest storks and various other kinds of birds imaginable. Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary (Keoladeo Ghana National Park) is a reserve that offers protection to faunal species as well. Nesting indigenous water, birds as well as migratory water birds and waterside birds, this sanctuary is also inhabited by Sambhar, Chital, Nilgai and Boar.
Habitat of Bharatpur
The total land area of 29 sq km of birdland protects more than 300 species of birds, some common and a few exotic ones. Surrounded by marshes and scrubland, it is also known as Keoladeo Ghana Natiuonal Park. Keoladeo, the name derives from an ancient Hindu temple, devoted to Lord Shiva, which stands at the centre of the park. 'Ghana' means dense, referring to the thick forest, which used to cover the area.
Memoirs of Bharatpur
It is perhaps the only case where the habitat has been created by a maharaja. In earlier times, Bharatpur town used to be flooded regularly every monsoon. In 1760, an earthen dam (Ajan Dam) was constructed, to save the town, from this annual vagary of nature. The depression created by extraction of soil for the dam was cleared and this became the Bharatpur Lake.
At the beginning of this century, this lake was developed, and was divided into several portions. A system of small dams, dykes, sluice gates, etc., was created to control water level in different sections. This became the hunting preserve of the Bharatpur royalty, and one of the best duck - shooting wetlands in the world. Hunting was prohibited by mid-60s. The area was declared a national park on 10 March 1982, and accepted as a World Heritage Site in December 1985.
Alluring Wildlife of Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
The significant attractions of tourists visiting the park are the numerous migratory birds, who come from as far away as Siberia and Central Asia and spend their winters in Bharatpur, before returning to their breeding grounds. Migratory birds at Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary include several species of Cranes, Pelicans, Geese, Ducks, Eagles, Hawks, Shanks, Stints, Wagtails, Warblers, Wheatears, Flycatchers, Buntings, Larks and Pipits, etc.
Ancient Dwellings of Bharatpur
Bharatpur Palace :
Not far from the museum is the Bharatpur Palace, an marvellous structural blend of Mughal and Rajput architecture.
Deeg Palace :
Situated just 32-kms away from Bharatpur is the Deeg Palace. A strong and massive fortress, Deeg Palace was the summer resort of the rulers of Bharatpur and houses numerous beautiful palaces and gardens.
Bharatpur Government Museum :
One of the major attention grabber after the Bharatpur sanctuary is Government Museum of Bharatpur, which provides a glimpse of the past royal splendour of Bharatpur.
Lohagarh Fort :
The invincible Lohagarh Fort, which remained unconquered despite several attacks by the British regime.
Perfect Sojourn: Bharatpur Wildlife Sanctuary
Bharatpur Wildlife Sanctuary is open throughout the year, still the ideal visiting months are from August-November
for resident breeding birds and October- February
for migrant birds. There are well-defined forest trails, which can easily be covered on foot or on a cycle or you can also hire a rickshaw that are available on hire. An early morning boat trip or a late evening one is quite a rewarding experience to check out the hidden surprises of Bharatpur.