Jharkhand is a state of Mines and Minerals, industries, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Forestaries. It is mostly a tribal area. Nearly eighty percent of the population of the state are tribes. Sarhul is the most famous festival among the tribes. With its capital city Ranchi, Mines are located near the Dhanbad city, Minerals are in Chhotanagpur, Wildlife in Hazaribagh, industries in Jamshedpur and Bokaro.
It is rich in Iron and Steel, Coal, Mica etc. Iron ore rich area is Chhotanagpur. Bokaro is well known for its Iron and Steel. Jamshedpur is the industrial Capital of the state. Deoghar is a well known Hindu Pilgrimage center. One of the Dwadash Jyotirlinga is situated here.
Blissfully remote and uniquely beautiful, the tranquil environs of Chotanagpur offers an ideal escape from the restrictions of civilization. It is still the place of bygone days tempered with moments of serenity, goodwill and charm that make it impossible not to be seduced by its beauty and climate. The landscape combines.
The raucous vivacity, the exquisite scenery, the creaking Ox-carts and innocent tribal looks that greet us everywhere, pollution is something unheard and for the fraction of the amount of what we pay in metros, one can buy fruits and vegetables with unmatched natural taste and flavour.
Anthropologists would make us believe that Chotanagpur region of Jharkhand must have witnessed the transformation of Homo erectus to Homo sapiens. Their clan is based on the findings of hand axes and blades that are littered here in the region of Pathalgarwa.
The discovery of Harappan pottery in Hazaribagh further strengthens the claim to antiquity. Senior archaeologists are staking their professional reputations on the findings of the cave paintings in the Isko village. Chotanagpur has impinged on the attention of researchers as being of an ancient site of continuous human habitation.
Situated picturesquely in the heart of Chotanagpur at an altitude of 2,140 ft above sea level is the nucleus of the region. Once the summer capital of Bihar, Ranchi is well known for its scenic attractions, waterfalls, barren rocks & hillocks. It has a number of industrial Complexes, which are very important in the industrial life of the country.
While on the one hand beautiful and exciting waterfalls are scattered around this town, on the other hand huge industries are also to be seen there, which do attract visitors. There are many scenic attractions in and around Ranchi that hold tourists for days together. It is also an important place for the study of tribal ways; of life it offers an ideal opportunity to those interested in Anthropology. Bihar Tribal Research institute and museum is well worth a visit for those seeking to know more about the tribes of Bihar. One can consider some of above all it is the central point of Chotanagpur, which one cannot miss to visit. Due to its good climate, lot of people come here for health sake too. It gets 1530 mm rain annually.