Places like these inspire us to promote ecotourism which means making as little environmental impact, in the places we visit, as possible and helping to sustain the indigenous populace, thereby encouraging the preservation of wildlife and habitats. This is a responsible form of tourism and tourism development, which encourages going back to life connected to nature in every aspect of life. It is also the key to sustainable ecological development. Today, the laws of conservation are making people aware of how man and the environment can live symbiotically for more time to come and ecotourism is the only way to maximize the economic, environmental and social benefits of tourism.
While talking about flora, this place has dry teak and dry mixed forest. The reason for this kind of vegetation is the dry and hot climate of this region, coupled with shallow Vindhyan soils. Panna National Park has two kinds of vegetation- dry deciduous forest and grassland areas which dot almost the entire Panna National Park. Riverines, open grasslands, open woodlands with tall grasses and thorny woodlands are other kinds of vegetations existing here. The floral species for which this area is famous for include tree species such as Tectona grandis, Diospyros melanoxylon, Madhuca indica, Buchnania latifolia, Anogeissus latifolia, Anogeissus pendula, Lannea coromandelica, Bosswelia serrata etc.
The park is known worldwide for its wild cats, including tigers as well as deer and antelope. The tigers (Panthera tigris tigris) have a kind of a permanent home here. The other animals which exist in the natural environs of this park are - leopard (Panthera pardus), wild dog (Cuon alpinus), wolf (Canis lupus), hyaena (Hyaena hyaena), caracal (Felus caracal) and smaller cats. Sloth bear prefers to live in the rock escarpments. The other less ferocious inhabitants of Panna National Park are Indian deers, chital and chowsingha. Nilgai and chinkara can be easily sighted in most open areas in the grasslands, specially on the outer ring of Panna National Park.
There are more than 200 known bird species existing here. Many of them are migratory birds. The important species to be found here are honey buzzard, white necked stork, bar-headed goose, King vulture, blossom-headed Parakeet, slaty-headed Scimitar babbler, Paradise flycatcher etc.
Other Attractions :
While on a trip to the Panna National Park feasting your eyes on the rarest of wildlife species, you can also choose to visit the only diamond mines in the country – Panna Diamond Mines.
Very close to the wildlife sanctuary lies the Pandav Falls which is a not-to-be-missed site for tourists fond of nature and its various aspects.
There is also a chance to get a bit nostalgic here. Well, it's the senescent Rajgarh Palace that truly is a sight to behold and appreciate.
Best Time To Visit:
If you want to increases your chances of sighting the exclusive wildlife of Panna National Park, then you'll have to brave the hot and uncomfortable summer of this area. Winters are cosy and the temperature remains at the levels comparable to springs of major portions in India. Monsoon comes to this region in July and continues up to mid-September. January to May are the best months to visit this place.
Location and Accessibility :
Panna National Park is situated at a distance of approximately 57 km from Khajuraho in Madhya Pradesh.
By Air - Khajuraho is the nearest airport at a distance of around 57 km from the Panna National Park. There are daily Alliance Air flights to Delhi, Mumbai and Varanasi from Khajuraho.
By Rail - The nearest railway station is Satna, which is around 90 km away. Satna is connected to many important places in central and western India.
By Road - A good road network connects Panna to nearby areas. Madla, a good transport hub at a distance of around 24 km southwest of Khajuraho, is an easy place to get buses and other transport modes to Panna.